Declining food and wood security coupled
with low income levels are major problems faced by small
scale farmers in Africa in general and Uganda in particular.
They translate into poverty, which is the inability
of people to meet basic necessities of life. The twin
evil of environmental degradation is a common feature
as poor people can not conserve the environment.
The Agroforestry programme in Uganda
is solving these problems by generating technologies
that enhance integration of trees on farms for increased
production and environmental sustainability. We believe
that trees can achieve this owing to the multiplicity
of products and services they provide (timber, food,
fuel wood, poles fodder, medicine, spices, gums, raisins,
soil fertility improvement, erosion control wind breaks,
Agroforestry is a collective name
for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials
(trees, shrubs, bamboo, palms, etc.) are deliberately
grown on the same land as agricultural crops and/or
animals, in some form of spatial arrangement
or temporal sequence.
of Agroforestry to the Country
Agroforestry has an important
role to play in the country both for food and wood security
and the conservation of the environment. By integrating
tree growing with crop production, the problems of poor
agricultural production, worsening wood shortages and
environmental degradation can be addressed. Furthermore,
Agroforestry technologies/practices are seen as an opportunity
to take pressure off the remaining natural forests and
to increase the diversity of vegetation on existing
The Agroforestry Research started
in 1993 with the formation of the Forestry Research
Institute within NARO. To-date, the programme conducts
on-station research at two major sites, namely Kifu
in Mukono district representing the intensive coffee-banana
land use system of Lake Victoria shore region, and Bugongi
in Kabale district representing the highlands of south
western Uganda. Both location lie in important catchments
areas rich in bio-diversity. On-farm research however
is scattered country wide.
The vision for the programme is
that one of achieving a situation where there are:
- more people, more trees
- more trees , more cash and wood
- more trees, a better environment
The two main areas of research are the
use of trees and shrubs to conserve soils in hilly areas
and the integration of trees in farming systems to produce
wood, food and fodder. Research activities include:
- Screening and selecting appropriate
multipurpose agroforestry trees for boundary planting
and scattered planting in croplands.
- Developing appropriate management
practices for agroforestry trees for the production
of poles, fuelwood fodder, green mulch, fruits and
timber on farmland.
themes of research
- Wood and high value tree production
- Soil fertility replenishment.
- Terrace management for erosion control
- Tree fodder production
- The programme assists its scientists
in training for higher degrees
- In collaboration with educational
institutions curricula have been developed for teaching
agroforestry as a subject in tertiary institutions
- The programme is involved in supervising
undergraduate and post graduate students from Makerere
- The programme organizes agroforestry
training workshops for extension workers and farmers
- From a number of exotic and indigenous
upperstorey trees species that have been screened,
promising ones have been identified for boundary or
scattered planting in cropland for different areas
of the country. These include Grevillea robusta,
Cedrela serrata, Casuarina spp. and Markhamia lutea
(low and mid altitudes) and Alnus acuminata, Grevillea
robusta and Acacia melanoxylon (high altitudes).
- Contour hedgerows of Calliandra
calothyrsus have been found to reduce soil erosion
by about 60% in the sloping areas of Kabale.
- Block plantings of nitrogen-fixing
shrubs such as Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena
diversification on degraded fields in Kabale resulted
in restoration of crop production by about 50%.
- Optimum management of tree crowns
to reduce competition to crops and maximise wood production
- Information has been generated on
nursery economics under different nursery management
- A number of indigenous natural enemies
for leucaena psyllid have been identified. The natural
enemies identified include: Chilomenes lunata,
Alesia striata, Hultica sp., spiders and praying
The programme aims at making agroforestry
become a way of farming contributing towards food security
and poverty alleviation, rather than just a discipline
of research .Thus, the following technologies have been
transfered in various districts.
- boundary tree planting
- contour tree planting
- tree fodder banks
- We have acted as a catalyst to tree
planting and there has been a significant increase
in tree cover in the areas covered by the project,
particularly Kabale District.
- New species for fodder and wood products
have been introduced and promoted among farmers.
- Research has catalyzed formation
of group nurseries, so that farmers can meet their
seedling requirements, independent of the project.
- Through targeted training workshops,
we have increased the capacity of extension workers
to disseminate agroforestry information/technologies.
You can easily change the names and functions of each
of the links on the left to better suite your own needs.
Every AllWebCo site comes with a comprehensive
help page to aid you with the setup. You can also
easily exchange the Flash logo above with your own graphic
logo by renaming one file.
- Strengthening links with development
organisations and farmer groups for wider dissemination
of the following technologies:
- incorporation of alnus and
grevillea as upperstorey trees for wood production
in various land use systems.
- use of contour hedges of calliandra,
leucaena and alnus for bund stabilization and
- incorporation of calliandra
and mulberry in fodder production and feeding
systems for improved with production.
- Production of stakes for climbing
- On-farm testing of improved fallows
for restoring soil fertility.
- Surveys to take stock of high value
indigenous tree species.
- Continuous screening of new species.
- Establishment of seed orchards for
exotic and indigenous species.
- Organising more training workshops
- Implementing biological control of
leucaena psyllid using parasitoids such as Tamarixia
leucaenae and Psyllaephagus yaseeni.
The Agroforestry Progarmme has
generated much information about tree integration on
farms . This knowledge needs to be shared with the end
users. The progamme cannot do it alone due to limited
financial, human and other resources . We will therefore
continue building partnerships with other stake holders.
Contact us for