muzardilogo MUKONO ZONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH     AND DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE(MUZARDI)
                             
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Livestock section

The section has five sub-sections which include;

  1. Dairy cattle: On semi-zero grazing management system
  2. Poultry: Under the project of improving productivity of local chicken
  3. Piggery: Purely under intensive management system
  4. Apiary: Asmall training and demonstrational unit
  5. Pastures: For animal feeding and training

Cattle unit
The unit is basically for adaptive research training and demonstration of the recommended management skills suitable for the Lake Victoria crescent agro-ecological zone. The unit however either a manual or motorized chopper for cutting grass for the animals. Due to limited grazing area, the breeds we keep aremainly dairy breeds (friesian and jersey composite breed).

The piggery unit has 6 sows and I boar. The breed reared is Cambrough which is a composite breed. 50% Large white breed, 25% Land race breed and 25% Duroc breed. The unit out sources boars from NaGRIC-DB Entebbe centre to control in-breeding. Cambrough was introduced in the country in 2004 since then no new genes have been broiught into the country.

Advantanges of the Cambrough breed

  • Big litter size( average 15 piglets)
  • hardy
  • good pork quality(puts on meat than fat) and
  • good growth rate(700gms per day).

Objectives of this unit include; Adaptive research aimed at Identifying and promoting the latest commercial exotic breeds, promoting and developing indigenous livestock breeds which are potential for commercialization and improving the socio-economic conditions of the people. To train students, pupils, farmers and Non government organizations in modern management practices of livestock.
Section achievements; Good supply of piglets to the market in the Lake Victoria Crescent Agro-ecological Zone. Largest litter ever recorded at MUZARDI was 18 piglets

Poultry Unit
Section objectives; Adaptive research geared at producing improved cocks for farmers to improve their local stock, equip farmers with affordable technologies for better productivity as well as training students on internship with knowledge and skills, conducting adaptive research for improving productivity of exotic and local chicken.

Apiary Unit
The unit is a training/demonstrational project, with 13 bee hives: 3 Lang stroath, 5 long Lang stroath, 5 Kenyan top bar. About 5-7lts of honey realized per harvest.
Challenges: High incidence of pests i.e. safari ants and snakes, High humidity levels and Irregular nectar

Pastures
These include;Gliricidia, Stylo, Chloris and Calliandra that are used as Fodder, Fencing, Nitrogen fixation into soil for the livestock unit and for training purposes.