Technologies at LIRI
of gastrointestinal nematode infections in goats across different agro-ecosystems
and management systems was determined. This will be useful in designing
appropriate control measures.
and Disease Status in Pigs
carried out in five district namely:- Lira, Tororo, Busia, Kamuli and
Mukono, in order to establish management and disease status of pigs.
The most prevalent diseases were: trypanosomosis, endoparasitosis
and ectoparasites. The endoparasites included: stronglylosis, ascarisis,
tapeworms and cocodiosis, while ectoparasites included: lake flies,
sarcoptic mites and ticks of different genera and species.
a decline in reported hospital cases of sleeping sickness, it was necessary
to determine whether the disease is still a serious endemic disease
so as to forestall future epidemics. It was found that:
- Local people
often find it difficult to recognise and interpret its symptoms especially
in the early stages of infection leading to utilisation of inappropriate
and ineffective treatment options like consultation of traditional healers.
- Some modes
of treatment e.g., the lumbar puncture in the pre-screening stage are
feared and therefore act as a barrier to diagnosis and treatment of
- Most cost
effective surveillance system (passive type) for detecting sleeping
sickness. Trypanosomiasis Agglutination Card Test (TACT) developed at
LIRI is being evaluated in the laboratory and field. TACT has a potential
of simplifying diagnosis of Rhodiesiense sleeping sickness cases.
improving nutrition of small ruminants, through better utilisation of
available local feed resources such as crop residues, agro-industrial
by-products and leguminous forages, was initiated in Mbale District.
Multi-purpose tree nurseries were established and planted with Calliandra
calothyrsus and Leuceana diversifolia species. Evaluation studies of
highland banana residues for feeding ruminant animals showed that Crude
Protein (CP) was highest in leaves (15 - 15.9%). Crude Fibre (CF) was
also highest in leaves (50 - 51.35%) but low in peels. Peels were however
very high in dry matter (89.5 - 90%).