and High Yielding Crop Varieties
millet: High yielding varieties with good food and brewing qualities
1, Seremi-1 and Seremi-3. These are brown seeded varieties, yielding
between 2,300 - 2,800 kg per hectare and mature at between 100 -
110 days. They are suitable for most mid - altitude areas of Uganda.
These yields represent over a two fold increase over local cultivars.
has been developed for areas with erratic or short duration rainfall,
such as parts of Karamoja, Teso and northern Uganda. It matures
in 85 - 90 days and yields up to 2000 kg/ha and can be grown in
the second rains in most finger millet producing areas.
a white seeded sorghum variety suitable for milling and baking,
has been developed for improved processing and diversified utilization
of sorghum in the food industry. It has good potential in raising
household income of sorghum farmers. It matures in about 110 days
and yields between 2500 - 3000 kg/ha.
is a brown seeded variety, which has been developed to improve on
household food security in dry areas of Uganda. It has also good
brewing qualities and could be used in beer brewing industry. It
can yield up to 3500 kg/ha under average management or higher under
and Serenut -2 yielding up to 3000 kg/ha compared to 800 kg/ha of
local varieties have been developed for the domestic market. Both
are resistant to rosette, a destructive groundnut disease, and are
tolerant to drought. They are suitable for low level management
and cost of production.
1 - R is red seeded has been developed for mainly the confectionery
and export markets. It has an oil content of 41.9% which is considered
desirable. It requires a higher level of management as it is susceptible
Sesi -1 is a white seeded variety with good export potential, has been
developed. This yields between 800 - 1000 kg/ha, compared to 300 - 400
kg/ha for local varieties.
peas: New varieties mature in less than half the period of local
matures in 120 - 140 days and yields up to 1,300 kg/ha compared
to 400 kg/ha for local cultivars.
maturing within 110 - 120 days has been developed for consumers
who desire uniform cream coloured seed. It yields up to 1,500 kg/ha
and is excellent for export.
The latest improved variety BPA 2000, will be going to segregated
cotton production areas of Uganda for commercial seed production in
2001. It is capable of yields of up to 3000 kg/ha. This variety has
several attributes including a high ginning out turn (GOT) of 39% desired
by ginners and has a staple length of over 33 mm, making it an extremely
for management to exploit the production potential of these improved
varieties have been developed. These include appropriate planting
dates and plant populations, crop and soil management and pest and
disease management strategies.
Livestock and Poultry Breeds
Early generation improved traction animals for ploughing will shortly
be available for farmers. These are from cross breeding of Sahiwal bulls
with indigenous small East African Zebu breed. They grow faster, are
heavier and stronger than the local ones and are suitable for ploughing
larger areas in shorter time periods.
Chicken that have been developed from crossing local chicken and Arbor-acres
exotic birds produce 3 - 4 times more eggs than local birds and weigh
twice as heavy, attaining a weight of 2.5 - 3.0 kg in 18 - 22 weeks.
and Equipment Development
been developed to reduce drudgery and increase efficiency.
- The "SAARI"
plough, is a versatile and light plough suitable to be pulled only by
two oxen. It can also be easily converted into a tool bar for attachment
to accessories such as weeders.
- The "SAARI"
weeder is designed to be attached to the "SAARI" plough. Recent
final tests by farmers in their own fields show that the SAARI weeder
can reduce labour requirement for row planted crops by up to 80%.
Contact us at:
Serere Agricultural and Animal Production Research Institute (SAARI)
P.O BOX Soroti, Uganda
Fax: 256- 45-61444